05 Feb The Birth of Botox
Where did it come from and how can it help us today?
Botox has been a go to treatment for many patients and celebrities over the years.
It has many different uses from both a cosmetic and medical aspect.
For example, it can be used to treat migraines, excessive sweating and also to soften wrinkles, frown lines, crow’s feet, the list goes on!
Botox didn’t just shine it’s light out of nowhere though. This powerful little drug has a rather interesting history on its way to cosmetic fame.
Botox, also known as Botulinum toxin type A, first began to pave the way into today’s society in the 1820’s.
Dr Justinus Kerner began to study the biological basis for food poisoning in an attempt to understand it and help to prevent it from happening. Several Germans had died after eating blood sausage and this began Kerner’s research. He suspected that there was something in the sausage that caused the illness and he injected some of the sausage into himself to investigate.
His experiments led to a greater understanding of food-borne Botulism and the neurological symptoms that it produced such as muscle weakness, difficulty swallowing, droopy eyelids and in severe cases, respiratory failure.
Kerner was then able to offer suggestions for treatment of food poisoning and began to pave the way for today’s medical and cosmetic use of the toxin soon to be known as Botox!
In the 1890’s, a study was conducted after a funeral dinner where it was reported that 3 people died and 23 people were paralysed from the food.
Dr. Emile Pierre Van Ermengem from Belgium, was able to make a connection between botulism and a bacterium named Clostridium botulinum and after further studies, several strains of botulinum toxin were identified which ran from type A through to G.
A, B, E and F was shown to cause illness in humans.
During the 1940’s, Botulinum toxin was considered to be one of the deadliest substances in the world and during world war II, the US began researching biological weapons and planned to create a batch of gelatine pills filled with botulinum toxin to poison their enemies. The project was abandoned before that plan could be put into action!
With the end of the war in the 1950’s and 1960’s, researchers began to focus their study on the more beneficial aspects of the toxin and botulinum toxin type A, was produced in a crystalline form by Dr. Edward J. Shantz.
Shortly after, it was discovered that a temporary relaxation of a muscle could be achieved by injecting small amounts of the toxin into a hyperactive muscle.
This sparked even more investigations and in the 60’s, Dr. Alan B. Scott began injecting botulinum toxin type A into monkeys to prove the theory that the toxin and its muscle relaxing effects could help with the treatment of crossed eyes.
By the time the 70’s and 80’s came around, Botox was officially born!
The toxin became FDA approved for human treatment after a number of studies were carried out on human volunteers.
The name Botox was given as a nickname for botulinum toxin and in the 1990’s, even more uses for Botox were discovered such as excessive sweating, frown lines, writer’s cramp and even bladder spasms.
By the time the millennium hit, more and more FDA approvals continued to roll in with even more discoveries of uses for Botox and it wasn’t long before it began to make its way into gyms, salons, spas and even TV makeover shows!
It is just as popular today, especially among celebrities and for a number of reasons, both medical and cosmetic.
Most recently, X Factor star Sam Bailey told ITV’s Loose Women of how she has been having Botox and credits its help with Migraines!
“I have a really expressive face so I decided to have some Botox. I was really scared and I went to this beautiful place on Harley street.”
“This isn’t an advert or anything but I don’t suffer from Migraines anymore and apparently, some people have it for that purpose.”
Here at VIVA Skin Clinics we are proud to offer Botox for a range of treatments including:
• Excessive sweating
• Botox for migraines and muscle tension
• Botox for gummy smiles and smile corrections
• The Nefertiti Neck lift
• Treating a square shaped jaw – creating a heart shape appearance
• The celebrity brow raise
• Anti-wrinkle treatment
All Botox treatments offered by Viva Skin Clinics will be administered by our professional and highly trained medical Doctors. Customers can be reassured that our Doctors will endeavour to provide a treatment that will aid you with any problems that you may have.
If you would like more information about our Botox treatments, please do not hesitate to ask our advanced level trained specialist Doctors.